Food Allergy Resource Page

Top 10 Most Prevalent Food Allergy Types Infographic

 

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 12 million Americans have food allergies.  That means about one in every 25 Americans has a food allergy, and that number increases in children under the age of three, when it is about one in every 17 infants.  The CDC also notes that the prevalence of food allergies appears to be on the rise.

A food allergy is an immunologic response to a food protein, where the body mistakenly attacks the food protein.  This can result in a food allergic reaction ranging in severity from hives and eczema to vomiting and diarrhea to difficulty breathing and shock.  A reaction can occur within seconds or as long as four hours after the exposure to the allergen.

According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, there are eight foods that account for the majority (90 percent) of food allergic reactions in the U.S.: milks, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, soy, fish and shellfish.   Children are most commonly allergic to milk, eggs, peanuts, soy, wheat and tree nuts.  The food allergies most common for adolescents and adults include peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish.  It is possible for some allergies to be outgrown, but it is important to consult with a doctor to ensure safe and proper diagnosis and management of food allergies.

While it is important for food allergic individuals and their loved ones to have a firm grasp on food allergy education and management, there is also a need for the public to understand that a food allergy is potentially fatal.  See below for resources for everyone from health professionals to the concern public to understand more about food allergies.

Fast Facts

Share some of these facts and information about food allergies on social media, or in emails to those you want to encourage to get involved. 

1 in every 13 children has a food allergy. That’s two in every classroom.

Every 3 min, a food allergy reaction sends someone to the ER – that's more than 200,000 visits per year.

8 foods account for 90% of all reactions: milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish.

Food allergies can begin at any age and affect children and adults of all races and ethnicity.

There was an 18% increase in food allergy from 1997-2007. 

What would you do if you saw someone having a severe allergic reaction? Learn how to respond: www.foodallergy.org/anaphylaxis 


Food, Skin Allergies on the Rise Among Children: CDC

Bright Papers for Parents- Kids and Food Allergies: Facts, Tips, and Resources
If your child has a food allergy, they're not alone. It's estimated that up to 5 million children in the US have a food allergy. That's no fun for anyone, but you and your child can handle it together when you team up to learn the facts about food allergies along with tips for managing them.

Understanding Food Allergy
Understanding Food Allergy provides an overview of food allergies, including the Big 8 food allergens (milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, soy, wheat, and shellfish), food allergy symptoms (including anaphylaxis), avoidance, and management.  This brochure also describes how a food allergic reaction differs from a food sensitivity or food intolerance.  Additionally, monosodium glutamate (MSG), sulfites, food colors, and other food additives are briefly discussed.

Understanding Food Allergy: A Primer for Dietitians CPE Program
This CPE online program provides an overview of food allergy, including the Big 8 food allergens (milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, soy, wheat, and shellfish), food allergy symptoms, the diagnostic process, high risk environments, prevention, and management.  This CPE online program also describes how food allergies differ from other food sensitivities and food intolerances. Additionally, other food additives are discussed, including monosodium glutamate (MSG), sulfites, and food colors.  Additional topics, such as The Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA), management of food allergies in schools, recommendations for introducing allergen foods into children's’ diets, and ensuring nutritional adequacy in food allergic individuals are also covered in this CPE online program.

Food Allergy 101—video
This video will discuss food allergies, how to cope with reactions and identifying specific food allergens.

What is a food allergy?—video
This video will discuss food allergies, how to cope with reactions and identifying specific food allergens.

IFIC Review: Understanding Food Allergy
This IFIC Review provides an overview of food allergy, including the Big 8 food allergens (milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, soy, wheat, and shellfish), food allergy symptoms, diagnosis, and management.  This Review also describes how a food allergic reaction differs from a food intolerance.  Additionally, monosodium glutamate (MSG), sulfites, food colors, and other food additives are discussed.

Other Food Allergy Resources: